History Of Running
As per the history of running, when the human being evolved and rose from all fours some 4-6 million years ago, he started walking and running. The ape-like Australopithecus, an early ancestor of humans, has the ability to walk upright on two legs and go running. According to the scientists, Dennis Bramble and Daniel Lieberman, the early mankind developed the ability to run in order to hunt animals.
Looking into the past of running, some ten thousand years ago, Tarahumara Indians in Mexico who were hunter-gatherers ran for about 15-75 miles a day while hunting. Human features such as having an abundance of sweat glands, the Achilles tendons and big knee joints were a response to that running development.
It was Pheidippides, an ancient "day-runner," who put running on the map in 490 BC in the running history. He is supposed to have run 149 miles to Sparta carrying the news of the Persian landing at Marathon, in an attempt to help for the battle. But many scholars believe this story to be a myth as according to them an urgent message to Athens could have been sent with a messenger on horseback. Yet the myth has a strong uphold in the origin of running and was the beginning of the modern marathon. The first running of the marathon in the modern Olympic Games of 1896 in Athens honored Pheidippides' historic run.
History of running reveals how competitive running developed at religious festivals in different parts of the world such as Greece, Egypt, Asia, and the Rift Valley in Africa. The Irish sporting festival Tailteann Games, which is in honor of the goddess Tailtiu, dates back to 1829 BCE. This is one of the earliest records of competitive running in the running history. The beginning of the Olympics is covered in myth, though the first recorded game took place in 776 BCE.
Throughout the latter part of the 19th century, as the history of running reflects, running as a sport, both track and field, took an important place in the field of sport. The late 1800s saw many children in school across the globe competing in running races. In the 20th century, the famous black sprinter Jesse Owens blew apart Hitler's dream of proving the superiority of the Aryan race, when he won gold medals in the 100-meter dash, 200-meter dash, and the 400-meter relay in the 1936 Olympics in Nazi Germany.
The past 35 years in the history of running have seen rapid changes. The number of participants for competitive running is rising day by day. George Sheehan, Bill Rodgers, Jeff Galloway, Alberto Salazar, and Grete Waitz have promoted running through their athletic success. the English runners' school (mainly Owett and Coe) as well as the Italians (Cova, Antibo, Ortis and other "corsa di mezzofondo" champions) gave a glowing exemple to the following generations. Today, running is one of the most popular activities for exercise as well as for sport.